More and more people are working from home these days. It can be a convenient way to work and saves businesses money because they don’t need so much office space. Plenty of people can get their work done remotely, and many also work from home because they’re self-employed. If you work from home, whether it’s something you do occasionally or all the time, it can take a while to get into a routine. One of the things that can be difficult to manage is staying healthy when you’re working from home. You can find a few different solutions to help you stay healthy when you often work from home.
Having a routine is essential when you work at home. If you don’t set yourself a routine, you risk either working too much or not getting enough work done. A routine ensures you work a healthy amount and take enough breaks too. You might want to take advantage of some of the perks of working from home, such as sleeping slightly later or not having to commute. However, it’s still best to have some discipline and avoid just going with the flow. You’ll work better and harder if you have a clear routine.
Prevent Back Problems
When you’re sitting at a desk all day, it can be terrible for your back. Sore shoulders, an aching neck, and other problems can arise. While this is the same if you’re working in an office, it can be much easier to do something about it at home. With a more flexible schedule, making an appointment to benefit from the best rated massage therapy provider in your area is easier. You might be able to save money by going at a less busy time of day. You can also make sure that you get up from your desk often and do some stretching, especially since there’s no one else around to see you do it.
One of the advantages of being at home is that you won’t be popping out of the office to the nearest cafe, restaurant, or store for food. Instead, you can buy what you want and make lunch and your snacks at home. You can even use a crockpot and start your lunch or dinner in the morning, so it’s ready when you want it. If you don’t trust yourself to stop working and make lunch, prepare your food in advance so you can simply get it when you need it.
Get Out of the House
Feeling stuck inside can be a negative side effect of working from home. You don’t have a daily commute and don’t go out for after-work drinks. You should make sure you have reasons to leave the house at least once a day. You might get out to exercise, even if it’s just a short walk, to get groceries, or to socialize with other people too.
Working from home can give you more time to be healthy if you’re smart about the choices that you make.
Although it can be a hard topic to talk about, the loss of loved ones is something that we all have to experience within our lifetime. Whether you’re losing a family member or a friend, it’s important you’re doing all that you can to remember them as time goes on. Whilst it may be hard at first, there are lots of ways in which you can do exactly that. From creating a photo book to sharing their stories with others, the more you’re doing the better. With that in mind, here are 9 ways to remember your loved ones:
– Create A Photo Book
If you’re looking for a creative way to remember your loved ones, why not create a photo book with all of your favorite photos of them? Whether you use a website that allows you to create a photo book that ships out to you or you get creative and create your own, having a place to display all of your favorite memories is a great way to remember those that you have lost. If you don’t want to purchase a book or print out lots of photos, there are also lots of free digital books you can create online. This is a great option if you want to send it to a lot of people. For tips and tricks when it comes to creating a photo book, you can visit this site here.
– Print Out Photos And Frame Them Around Your House
If you want to make use of the photos that you have but you don’t want to create a photo book, why not print a couple of them off and display them around your home? From canvas prints to photo frames, there are lots of ways to incorporate photographs into your home decor.
– Continue To Share Their Stories
If you have lost someone that is close to you then chances are you’re going to have lots of different stories to share about them. Whether it’s something you remember from when you were little to a story about the last time you saw each other, these stories need to be shared for years to come. From telling your children to telling your new friends, you can make their memory live on as long as possible if you’re sharing lots of amazing stories in your day to day lives.
– Keep Something Of Theirs With You
Although this may not always be possible, keeping something that belonged to them with you at all times is another great way to remember your loved ones. Whether you’re wearing a piece of their jewelry or you have an item of their clothing, you will remember something you loved about them every time you touch or look at their belonging. If you’re unable to take a full item of their clothing, lots of people like to take a small snippet that they sew into something of their own. Whether it’s a blanket, a jumper or a scarf – the possibilities are endless. For a guide to creating mementoes from your loved one’s clothing, you can visit this site here.
– Set Up A Permanent Memorial And Visit Regularly
If you haven’t already, you need to set up a permanent memorial spot that you can visit regularly. Whether this it’s a bench in town, an urn in your own home or a headstone at your local church, having a place that you can visit in order to feel close to them is important, especially if you’re struggling to process what has happened. For more information, you can visit Memorials.com here.
– Support A Cause Close To Their Hearts
Another perfect way to remember your loved ones that have passed is to support a cause that was close to their hearts. Whether they donated to a specific charity every month or they passed from a specific condition, supporting that cause will help you feel as though you’re helping their memory live on. From charity events to single donations, every little bit of support can help.
– Put Together A Video Of Them
Although you may not have a lot of footage of them, in today’s day and age there are always lots of video cameras going around at events and gatherings. Whether you have 1 minute of footage of 5 hours, putting together a video that you can watch whenever you need to is definitely a great way to feel closer to your loved ones. It will remind you of all the happy moments you shared together and whilst you may be sad at your loss, you’ll be thankful for all of the time you did get together. If you’re struggling to put together a video, there are lots of apps that will easily allow you to do this from your phone. Once you’ve created it, you can share to social media or send to others who may like to see some happy memories.
– Visit Their Favorite Places
Another way to feel closer to those that you have lost is to visit their favorite places. Whether this means going to their favorite country or visiting their favorite park, you’ll be able to take the time to reflect and think about why they loved that particular place so much. If they have a place that they liked to visit a lot, you may also want to consider having their memorial here.
– Celebrate Their Birthday
Finally, you need to be sure you’re always making an effort to celebrate their birthday. Although it may be difficult, it’s a perfect way to ensure their memory is living on. Whether this means buying a birthday cake or getting all of your friends and family together, you’ll feel much better knowing that you’re all in this together.
Are you looking for ways to remember your loved ones? What can you do to ensure their memory lives on forever? Did we miss anything off of the list? Let me know your thoughts and ideas in the comments section below.
It doesn’t matter if the home you have was in great condition when you bought it: to make it truly feel like your own home, you’re going to need to make it feel like yours. The good news is this part of the fun and you will take everything in your four walls and garden and make it completely your own. To get the perfect home, you’re going to have to follow just a few simple steps, and here below we will have a look at what makes this the easiest way to go ahead:
Above all, it’s important that you go into the process of transforming your home with your very own plan. Ask yourself what you want you want your home to look like, how it should be themed. Each room should have its own style, but there should be a specific style to your home. Take a look at some of the best interior design blogs that are out there and wait for inspiration to strike. Then, see how you’ll incorporate your ideas into the shape, size, and style of your house.
Create A Budget
If we had millions in the bank it would be easy to create the perfect home but not many of us have that luxury but it doesn’t mean we have to settle. Figuring out a budget for your decor will let you understand what can be done and you can then keep track if something is over budget, or rejig ideas and plans and go down a different route if needs be. Whatever you decide to do, you’ll need to have some cash, so look at a loan or dip into the savings.
Think Long Term
It’s easy to get carried away with what’s in style right now, but it’s also important to remember that you’ll want to live in this home for a long time and the future may come with design trend changes and you may not find it perfect in the years to come.
Extra Attention To Key Areas
You won’t get everything about your home exactly right first time and you may need to look at some structural changes and changing up your room design to get the most out of your home. You may need to look at buying the equipment yourself, if the renovations are simple, but it may just be that you want to put up some new artwork, you may want to look at drywall screws and different types of hooks you may need.
Don’t Forget The Fun
Finally, don’t forget to add the fun and enjoy what you’re doing as after all it is an exciting prospect! Having a home that looks great will be amazing, but in this modern age, adding the fun factor will be important too. Look at including things like a surround system, cool reading nooks, or even a man cave or similarly entertaining room will make sure you’re never bored in your perfect home.
So you’ve finally got the house of your dreams, and you’re starting to get the house ready for the big moving day. Moving home can be stressful, whether you only have to organize yourself, or you have kids, a spouse, and wayward pets to coordinate. Whatever your situation, we have five top tips to make your house move a happy one.
The earlier you start planning for the move, the less stress you will hopefully encounter. When securing the house, it’s understandable that you can get so caught up in the house buying process, you forget or don’t have time for getting everything packed up and ready to go. Start by writing down all the things you’ll need to prepare, from buying boxes to looking at where you’re going to store your furniture. Once you’ve got a full break down of all your items, start knocking off the things you can do, like deciding whether you’re going to hire a van on the day or put your items into storage.
Get Organized With Your Packing
Start by considering a variety of supplies for Self Storage, from cardboard to plastic boxes and a range of sizes depending on what you need to pack. It’s tempting to put off packing, but there are bound to be items you don’t need until a few months after the move. Consider packing Summer clothes you don’t need if you’re moving in January or the Christmas tree you can put in a box if you’re moving mid-July. Make sure you label them all up with the room they’re going in, along with whether they’re essential. Consider how frazzled you may be on the day, and make it as easy as possible for your future self to handle.
Make Sure You Are Realistic About What Will Fit
If you’ve accumulated a lifetime’s worth of items and are downsizing, or simply won’t have space, consider this before you pack up the kitchen sink and try and fit it into your new place. It’s the perfect opportunity for a new start if you want to put a fresh spin on your new home, so consider items you can sell or give to Goodwill. Likewise for your furniture, you might end up with oversized or undersized items for your new home, and need a rethink before you try and fit your sofa up a flight of stairs or through a too-small entryway (cue Ross from Friends yelling Pivot). Visit your new home ahead of time to measure up everything so that you can get some furniture lined up for delivery.
Make A To-Do List For Addresses and People To Update
One of the first things everyone forgets to do during their house move is to update their account information. List everything from bank accounts, internet, contact lens orders, prescriptions, driving licenses, relatives to tell. Be kind to future you and remember that you’re going to be busy, and might need to be reminded of all the essential items you’ll forget as soon as you launch yourself into integrating into your new area. When you set up finance for new furniture, also remember that if you change the address on your bank account, it could cause a problem if you change address midway through a credit check, so wait until the payments are set up before updating everything.
Give People Jobs Or Distractions
Too many cooks can make a move too complicated, so think about things to keep any of your little ones occupied on the big day. Why not prepare some delicious snacks for you all ahead of time, like these pumpkin chocolate chip cookies? Even buy a chew toy or bone for your dog to distract them during the move. If you’ve got older children or can rope some people in to help, give them a clear job (like cleaning, moving boxes, or sourcing that essential first move takeaway) to avoid them loitering around wondering what to do on the move day.
Moving house is always going to cause a little bit of stress, but with these top tips, you can get ready ahead of the move day and make the process a little bit more streamlined. Whether you’ve got kids to occupy or furniture that’s just that bit too big for your front door, preparing ahead of time will make sure you’re not bombarded and can concentrate on settling in. Here’s to a happy house move this 2020.
Today, there is a lot that needs to be considered when it comes to maintaining your home. One area that needs to be considered carefully is insulation. After all, you want to make sure that your home is warm during the winter and cool during the summer months. This can be a lot easier said than done, though. With that in mind, let’s take a look at insulating your home’s concrete walls in further detail.
In general, concrete walls are poor when it comes to retaining temperature in the home. They also tend to get damp extremely easily as well. This is because air (whether hot or cold) and moisture travels straight through the material. Nevertheless, if you insulate your concrete walls then you can completely counteract this issue. This article will explain exactly how to do so.
First and foremost you need to begin by creating a barrier to the potential moisture build-up. This ensures you create a drier environment around the wall. You should begin by purchasing concrete seam tape and using this to cover any cracks evident in the material. This ensures the amount of moisture travelling through the wall is diminished monumentally.
Once you have done this you then need to use furring strips for the retaining of temperature. First, you should cut these to length and then begin by attaching these at the head and the foot of the wall. These are easily attached – simply use a drill. After you have done the header and the footer you can then begin to fill in the body of the wall following the same process.
And finally, to complete the process you will need to insulate the areas in between vertical furring strips. Simply use pre-cut panels, otherwise technically known as batt insulation, to complete the process. This ensures that all areas of the wall are entirely insulated. You don’t leave yourself at risk of certain areas of your wall attracting dampness.
In addition to this, there are a number of other steps that you can take in order to protect your home and ensure it is well insulated. Siding is a necessity, for instance, you also need to make sure that all of your windows and doors are energy efficient. Steps like this will make a massive difference when it comes to the comfort levels in your home. Not only this but by improving the insulation in your property you are also going to be able to enhance the value in the process. This is something that a lot of people are interested in when they are trying to find the best property for them.
The potential for moisture and vapour build-up will have been deduced dramatically if you use the steps given in this article to insulate your concrete wall effectively. Not only this, but the walls will retain temperature better as well, and therefore the hot and cold air will not merely travel through the wall as it used to.
When our children have so many different pressures, whether it’s to perform better in school, or to take on more extracurricular activities, it’s important that we provide a comfortable home environment that protects. But while having a child-friendly home could mean that you are wrapping it in cotton wool you need to make sure that the home is a relaxing environment so they can forget all of their troubles as soon as they come through the front door. But are there simple ways to help our children relax at home?
Set Up Relaxation Stations
When our children come home, they would tend to go to their room and play video games or watch television. In theory, this is a perfect way to relax, but if you really want them to avoid being overstimulated, which can cause additional stress and anxiety, you may want to think about something a little bit more. Recommending they have a relaxing bath is all well and good, but if you have the space, installing a pool or a jacuzzi is a fantastic opportunity to help everyone get away from all their troubles and just float. If you have the space, you could install an in-ground pool or an above-ground pool. The article Above-Ground vs. In-Ground Pools can provide you with some useful solutions. But we have to remember that when our children come back and feel stressed, we don’t automatically pressure them to do other things. They want that time away, so if we can install something like a relaxation station, this will help calmness and relaxation to become a learned habit.
Relaxing With Your Children
They can feel the pressures, and when they come home, and we start barraging them with numerous questions, it’s understandable that they don’t want to talk! And perhaps it’s important that in the comfort of your own home that you all take the opportunity to unwind after a difficult day. It’s certainly very difficult when there are so many things that need doing. But if you take the opportunity to focus on quality family time, even if it’s 15 minutes where you all sit and relax, this is something you are all doing together as a family and you’ll all feel the benefits. It can take a while to get into, especially if you’ve got skeptical and cynical children, but little techniques like progressive muscle relaxation, yoga, or even a little walk around the block can give you that opportunity to unwind together.
Focusing On Adequate Downtime At The Weekends
Some of us feel that we need to get out and do things on a Saturday or Sunday, but if our children feel like they are forever on-the-go, by implementing proper downtime at the weekend, it can help everyone to calm down.
We are all over stressed in the modern world and if our children start to feel these problems, it can be a slippery slope. You need to nurture a relaxing environment, so try these techniques and see if you all feel the benefit as a family.
When it comes to choosing home insurance you want to make sure you are covered for everything you think you will need for the future. It can be a minefield navigating all the information out there and deciding exactly which policy is the best for you.
You don’t want to be paying for an insurance premium over the years only to find out when you claim, you weren’t actually covered in the first place. So what exactly do you need to be looking when you purchase your home insurance?
It is important to remember that whilst price is an important factor when it comes to choosing your insurance provider, so it exactly what the policy includes too.
What Does Your Home Insurance Cover?
This is the important things to check. Does your policy cover all electrical inside your home and if you take certain items out of the house with you, are they still covered? this is something that is important to check, especially for those who own a high amount of valuables that you constantly take away from home.
You also need to check what cover you have against natural disasters. For example, if you live in an area that frequently has extreme weather conditions such as hurricanes, floods or forest fires, what exactly will be covered and what are your limitations. you need to know that your insurance company will pay out should you fall victim to one of these issues.
Knowing exactly what is covered before you need to claim on your insurance will cause a lot of headaches in the event of a claim as you will know exactly where you stand.
How does the Insurance Company Perform?
You may think this isn’t such an important thing to look at but you can be surprised at what you will discover if you check out the company before purchasing. always remember if it looks too good to be true, usually, it is! So if an insurance company is offering you amazing rates ask what makes them offer these prices? Is it because they have a high turnover of customers who don’t renew their policy?
Do they have a high retention rate? If so, you can be assured that previous customers are choosing to stay with them and are satisfied with the service and level of cover offered. If the company has a low satisfaction rate, this could warn you to possible issues when it comes to having to claim on your home insurance policy.
How Much Are You Covered For?
Always check the small print for what exactly your limits are should you put in a claim. Have the insurance company estimated the value you need and in reality are you actually covered to replace all of your goods should you lose everything?
Checking these little details is something the insurance company may think you won’t do, meaning they can get away with little clauses and you not getting back what you are entitled to. So make sure you know exactly what you can claim for should you need to and any stipulations added into your contract.
So check this before you buy the policy will save problems in the long run, even if you end up paying more from a different provider. You can rest assured you are covered and give yourself peace of mind.
You’re looking for a realtor over a real estate agent and here’s why. To classify yourself as a realtor you need to be properly trained and certified. When you choose a realtor, you’re choosing someone who belongs to an accredited community of professionals and this peace of mind is crucial when it comes to selling your home.
Your realtor is also more likely to have access to more information on house sales in your area and know the market better.
Go By Reputation
There are probably several big name real estate offices in your area but you’re looking to find a specific realtor who has a stellar reputation. Ask friends and family who they used and if they would recommend them. At the very least you’ll be able to rule out those who don’t fit the bill.
Once you’ve found a name who comes highly recommended, do a little online research. Take a look at their online profile and see how they come across in their professional outline and then make an appointment to meet them.
When you do meet up with your potential realtor you’re looking for them to find you a unique plan to sell your home.
You’ll be checking to see that they pay attention to detail when you set out your preferred time scale and potential sale price and that they pick out the unique aspects of your home that will form the main selling points.
If you do feel that your home is being undervalued then there’s no harm in getting a second opinion on price.
Avoid dual agents. These are realtors who work on behalf of the seller and the buyer. While their role is to remain impartial, you’re looking to appoint someone who is very much on your side and whose commission relies on getting you and only you, the very best sale price for your property.
Choosing the right realtor and having them do the marketing work for you, will help to reduce the stress load in what is arguably one of the most stressful times in your life.
This will then leave you free to begin the important work of finding your next home and of course beginning the grueling job of packing up all those boxes.
Choose someone professionally qualified, someone who’s great at communicating in real life as well as on paper and someone who is very much willing to work hard to get your sale through at the very best price they can.
When you think about your humble abode, the chances are that you are proud of where you live. You may have created a warm and welcoming property that is conducive to making family memories. However, with winter on the horizon, you need to consider the more practical aspects of your dwelling. You need to ensure that it can withstand the elements, that it keeps you warm and that it doesn’t suffer any damage to its integrity. Take a look at these winter checks you need to make to ensure that your home is ready for the coldest season of them all.
If you look up and inspect your roof, you need to be checking for slipped and cracked tiles and missing slate. With holes and gaps, your home will not be watertight. On occasions, you may find that rot has begun infiltrating the rafters of your home. If this is the case, it might be wise to replace rather than repair your roof. You need to ensure that your walls also have the same integrity as your roof otherwise, you could risk water seeping into your brick work. This can make damp permeate through your walls causing mold and black fungus growth. To prevent this, you need to consider applying a layer of fiber cement to your exterior. This will ensure that you have a weatherproof exterior that will withstand the elements.
If you haven’t had your glazing replaced in a while, you should be checking your seals and glass. If any seals are broken, then drafts can enter your home. This isn’t ideal when you are trying to settle down for the night with a good box set and some popcorn and all you feel is a cool breeze on your neck. You may need to replace one or more windows. If you do, ensure that you go for double glazing for both noise reduction and energy efficiency.
Your boiler is the engine of your home. It will fire up your heating and power up your gas hob. Without hot water, you will be freezing in the winter and no central heating will make your nights very uncomfortable. You need to have your boiler serviced annually. Doing this will ensure that your boiler is in a constant functioning state. Some boilers are better than others, so if you are looking to replace yours, don’t opt for the cheapest choice. This can be a false economy resulting in a lot of call outs from the gas engineer. If you aren’t sure about the sort of boiler you should opt for, always go combi as these are more energy efficient and they will save you money in utility bills. Hook up your boiler to a smart thermostat and begin to control your heating from your phone. Doing this means you can create a warm ambience within your home, even if you are at work.
Your home should feel cozy, warm and welcoming in the winter time. Even though it might be blowing a gale outside, indoors it should be comfortable. Follow this guide and get your home fit for winter.
During the winter months, your home will have gathered some clutter and been kept as warm and cozy as possible. Now the spring is upon us, you do not need to feel quite so wrapped up and it is time to get you and your home ready for the new season.
You can get your home ready for spring without spending many dollars by breathing new life into it as the flowers bloom and the birds sing their first songs of the year…
Spring cleaning is not a tradition without reason. Your home will have gathered dust and clutter while you were more interested in staying warm and now is the time to get it sorted.
Empty each room of its accessories like ornaments and books. What you are left with will be much simpler to clean, and it will also be easier to move things around so that underneath the furniture gets done too.
Then before you put anything back, consider carefully if you really need it. There will always be things that have outgrown their usefulness or can be put away until next winter. Either dispose of them or store them and suddenly you will find that you are putting a lot less back into the room. This will not only look better, but it will also help to keep the cleaning work to a minimum.
When you have done this to every room in your home, then you can start to consider the other things you need to do to be ready for spring.
If a spring clean is not enough to give a room a fresh look, consider painting the walls in a different color. Spring colors tend to be pale but vibrant ones such as yellows, light blues, and pinks.
If you have to paint the walls of a couple of rooms to make them look better, it will not cost a fortune and could make a huge difference. If it is bedrooms you are painting, you may want to splash out on some new bed linen to match the color you have chosen, or in the living room, it could be that some new cushions covers would do the job.
Even the kitchen and bathrooms could benefit from a coat of paint on the walls to help make them more inviting.
If you have heavy drapes for the winter and lighter ones for the spring, now is the time to change those too. They will possibly be different colors, and the change they will give will make you feel more like spring has arrived.
Refurbish, Not Replace
If you have some furniture that has seen better days, do not be in too much of a rush to throw it away and replace it. Often, with some loving attention, you can refurbish pieces and save yourself a small fortune. Kitchen chairs, for example, could just need the old paint stripping off and a new one applying. Chairs seats can benefit from having new material affixed, and cushions from having new covers.
If you have no idea where to start with these things, there are plenty of online tutorials to help you. You just need to remember that if you are working on something you were going to throw away, and you mess it up, you are no worse off than before you started, as the piece can still go in the trash if need be.
Of course, there will always be some jobs that you should not even attempt yourself. Electrics, plumbing, fitting windows, a new roof, and many other jobs should be done by experts. You will always find people accredited with the skills you need, and they have the bonus of insurance if something goes wrong. Andersen patio doors, as just one example, come with a warranty that you would not have if you tried to fit them yourself. So, work out what you can comfortably do and what you cannot or should not and act accordingly for the best results.
When you are outside you will be able to smell the freshly cut lawns, the new flowers in bloom and the blossom on the trees. Why not take some of those spring aromas into your home.
There is more than one way to do this. You could buy scented candles, or plain ones and some essential oils. These will give your home a pleasant smell of spring as long as they are burning. You can buy essential oils that help you to relax, and others that promote a good nights sleep. There is a huge variety of them, all with differing effects. You should look into what they do before spending any money on them.
The alternative is to introduce nature into your home with some plants or vases of fresh flowers. The advantage of the plants is that they will not need to be changed every few days, but for most people, there is something special about having freshly cut flowers in their home.
Plants and flowers are also good as they take away the carbon monoxide in the air and replace it with oxygen. This will mean that even on a chilly spring evening when you need to close all the windows, the air in your home will stay fresher because of their presence.
Change Your Wall Hangings
Move your pictures around and you may be surprised how suddenly you start to notice them again. When something has been in the same place for a long time, it is easy just to walk past it without a second glance.
You could even change some of them totally. Perhaps put some family photos in some of the frames, or be really brave and paint a piece of art yourself. It does not need to be a masterpiece to be effective, but just something that matches the tone of the room. Some people get creative by stretching a piece of colorful material over a frame, and that can work just as well.
If your mirrors are in the right place they are probably best left as they are. Mirrors reflect the light from windows and will make a room look brighter and larger. This happens to a greater extent if they are placed opposite a window and if that is where your mirrors are, then leave them there.
You should go around your home and make sure the lights are all working and that none of them need a replacement bulb. Good lighting in a home is crucial, as your family should have the choice between having a bright light and a duller one, depending on what they are doing. It could also be the time to replace any light fittings that are looking past their age.
Light fittings do not need to be expensive, but a new shade on a lamp, or fitting in the center of your living room ceiling, can make a difference to the amount of light in the room.
Are You Ready For Spring?
Every home and family is different, and only you will know what your home needs to make it ready for spring. The above are a few suggestions to help you on the way, but there are no doubt other things that you and your family will want to do.
The key is being prepared and having a plan in regards to what you want to do. Completing jobs in the wrong order can mean that some work has to be duplicated, and that is something you want to avoid if possible. For instance, do not put your accessories back into rooms until the room has had its deep clean, or you will just have more items to move around during the cleaning process.